Committees  •  Committee Maritime & Offshore

Mosaic Warfare in the South China Sea

ESSEC Business School, Asia-Pacific, 5 Nepal Park, 139408, Singapore
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Price: Free


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This seminar will provide a broad understanding of the situation in the South China Sea, clarify key terms, and cover non-lethal deterrence.

Whether we think of island building, ramming, ghosting, water cannoning, using dazzling lasers, the layoff of buoys, the construction of lighthouses, cutting off or jamming of AIS signals, recent research has identified nearly 150 phenomena of either area denial capacity, hybrid warfare and grey zone tactics. These three distinct categories of phenomena, united under the umbrella term of Asymmetric / Mosaic Warfare, can in turn be divided into different categories, in the South China Sea.

Even though China may appear as the obvious « elephant in the room », experts are witnessing an active involvement by all parties, whether local, regional, extra regional and international powers in the South China Sea, all having specific interests and playbooks. It seems therefore important to try analyzing the situation in a more holistic fashion, in order to better understand its dynamics and evolution.

Organized in partnership between the Paris Catholic University and ESSEC Business School—Singapore Campus, this seminar is meant at giving a broad understanding of the situation in the South China Sea, clarifying the meaning of key terms, and at discussing non-lethal deterrence.

Through two successive panels, experts will share thoughts and confront their views on the diversity, and the intensity of the phenomena of area denial, and grey zone tactics in the South China Sea as well as their impacts for Southeast Asian claimants.

Additionally, they will discuss about concrete solutions to deter such phenomena as well as the obstacles in the way of increased cooperation and data sharing.


Tuesday 14 May 2024
14:00 - 14:30 Introduction

Cedomir NESTOROVIC, Director MBA Program, ESSEC Singapore Campus

Benjamin BLANDIN, PhD Candidate in Geopolitics, Paris Catholic University / NUS-EAI Network Coordinator of the Yokosuka Council for Asia-Pacfic Studies (YCAPS)

Emmanuel LINCOT, Expert of China’s civilization at IRIS, Professor at the Paris Catholic University
14:30 - 16:00 Panel 1: Mosaic warfare in the south China Sea

Yoichiro SATO (Ritsumeikan Asia-Pacific University)
Evolution of the concepts of "area denial", "hybrid
warfare" & "grey zone tactics"

Victor Andres MANHIT (Stratbase) : Description of the phenomena observed in the South China Sea

RADM Rommel ONG (Ateneo School of Govern- ment): Analysis of the impacts of the tensions in the South China Sea

Round table #1

Is a resolution of the last intra-ASEAN disputes in the South China Sea in sight ? Perspectives and blocking points.

Evolution and trends of the asymmetric confron- tation phenomena in the South China SEA.
16:10 - 17:40 Panel 2: Maritime Domain awareness as a deterrent

Evolution of SEA countries’ cooperation with local,
regional and international actors

Dr Yaacob ABDUL RAHMAN (Lowy Institute) Potential of the code of conduct and innovative diplomatic formats

Charles BROWN (Booz Allen Hamilton)
Potential and obstacles for the concept of MDA to
serve as a non-lethal deterrent for Southeast Asia

Round table #2

Role and challenges for an increased in- volvement of external actors in support of ASEAN countries in the South China Sea?

Mecanisms and tools to increase and improve data sharing and cooperation between ASEAN countries ?
17:40 - 17:50 Conclusion
Concluding word
French Ambassador in Singapore, H.E. Minh-Di Tang
17:50 - 18:00 Final word
Cedomir NESTOROVIC, Director MBA Program, ESSEC Singapore Campus

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